Breed Health & Education
This information is to help educate you, so please take the time to read this entire
page. Most people are not familiar with the term "Brachycephalic," but if you own a
pug, French Bulldog, Boston Terrier, Pekingese, Boxer, English Bulldog, Shih Tizu
or any one of the other breeds with "pushed in" faces, you should become familiar
with this word. The word comes from Greek roots "Brachy," meaning short and
"cephalic," meaning head. Brachycephalic dogs are the most likely candidates for
heat stroke. These breeds are meant to be indoor pets.
Warning
  • Do not ever leave this breed type outside in extreme temperatures hot or cold for more
    than 5 - 10 minutes at a time or they could experience heat stroke.
  • In the event of heat stroke you can try the following: squeeze a small
    amount of lemon juice in your dogs mouth, put your dog in the bathtub
    and run cool (not cold) water over him, pour rubbing alcohol over your
    dogs back (this will open his pores) and put a fan on him IMMEDIATELY!
  • Do not offer rawhide treats/bones to these breed types as they can easily choke on
    torn off pieces.
  • If you offer pig ears as a treat, do not offer them after 6 months of age.
  • Do not ever put a Bulldog (or any hybrid type) in a pool or body of water without a life
    jacket as they can sink!
  • When bathing your Bulldog make sure to not get water in his ears or nose.
  • When cleaning his ears, always use ear cleaner that has a drying agent in it so that the
    ears do not stay moist.
Common Health Concerns
  • Cherry Eye - The medical term for 'cherry eye' is nictitans gland prolapse, or prolapse
    of the gland of the third eyelid. Unlike people, dogs have a 'third eyelid' that contains a
    tear gland and is located in the corner of each eye. Under normal circumstances, this
    gland is not visible and aids in the production of tears. For some reason, which is not
    completely understood, the gland of the third eyelid prolapses or comes out of its
    normal position and swells creating the condition known as cherry eye.
  • Demodectic Mange - is a skin disease, generally of young dogs, caused by the mite,
    Demodex canis. It may surprise you to know that demodectic mites of various species
    live on the bodies of virtually every adult dog without causing any harm or irritation.
    These small (0.25 mm) 'alligator-like' mites live inside of the hair follicles (i.e., the pore
    within the skin through which the hair shaft comes through), hence the name follicular
    mange. Whether or not Demodex causes harm to a dog depends on the animal's ability
    to keep the mite under control. Demodectic mange is not a disease of poorly kept or
    dirty kennels. It is generally a disease of young dogs that have inadequate or poorly
    developed immune systems or older dogs that are suffering from a depressed immune
    system. Virtually every mother carries and transfers mites to her puppies. Most puppies
    are immune to the mite's effects and display no clinical signs or lesions. Some are not
    immune and it is these that develop into full-blown cases of mange. It is critical to keep
    your puppy/dogs immune system high to fight these types of conditions. Read more on
    how to keep the immune system higher here.
  • Entropion - Entropion is a rolling-in of the eyelid. This causes the hair on the surface
    of the eyelid to rub on the eyeball, which is both painful and often causes corneal
    ulcers or erosions. The corneal damage can also result in corneal scarring, which can
    interfere with vision. Usually the dog will squint and tear excessively. However, many
    flat-faced dogs with medial entropion (involving the inside corner of the eyes) show no
    obvious signs of discomfort. Entropion is treated by surgical correction
    ("blepharoplasty"). If you suspect your pet has Entropion it is important to get to the vet
    as soon as possible. Scaring can cause the loss of sight and even the loss of an eye if
    not treated immediately.
  • Anal Glands - On either side of the anus of the dog is situated an anal gland, which
    secretes a lubricant that better enables the dog to expel the contents of the rectum.  
    These glands are subject to being clogged, and in them accumulates a fetid mass.  
    This accumulation is not, strictly speaking, a disease-unless it becomes infected and
    purulent. The most frequent sign of anal sacs or glands being full and needing to be
    manually expressed is the Bulldog scooting, which can be accompanied by a strong,
    foul pungent odor.  Because Bulldogs can also have problems with tight irritated and
    sometimes infection under the tail, one must discern if the scooting is from a tail
    problem, or anal sac problem. When you have confirmed that full anal glands (or sacs)
    is your Bulldog's problem,  making sure that the tail is not in the way;  the openings of
    the anal sacs are found by drawing down on the skin of the lower part of the anus.  By
    applying a small amount of pressure directly below these openings, fluid can be
    expressed.
  • Hot Spots - inflammation of the skin, dermatitis. Frequently caused by flea bites, or a
    hypersensitivity to an allergen. Can also be caused by bacteria building up in an area
    that the dog bites or scratches. Some have linked it to the dog having wet fur for
    prolonged periods of time.
  • Wrinkles - Bulldogs tend to have messy face wrinkles. The older they get, the messier
    the wrinkles. How often you clean these wrinkles depends on the dog. Some do very
    well if you clean the wrinkles a couple of times a week. Some need it on a daily basis.
    When you clean the wrinkles, wash his nose and apply a good rub of Vaseline to keep
    it soft. It's better to clean more often than you think you need to than not often enough.
    You can clean the wrinkles with a soft, damp cloth and then dry. Or you can wash them
    using baby wipes with aloe. Be sure to rinse thoroughly and dry thoroughly.
Now that you have read this information and you better understand these
breed types you are one step closer to choosing the right pet for your
family. This information is not meant to scare you, it is meant to educate
you before you choose a Bulldog. It is important to us that you understand
their needs so they can grow up happy, healthy and live long lives with
your family.
Thank you for taking the time to read this important information.